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# Phi in the Bible

Although perhaps not immediately obvious, phi and the golden section also appear in the Bible.

### The Ark of the Covenant is a Golden Rectangle

 In Exodus 25:10, God commands Moses to build the Ark of the Covenant, in which to hold His Covenant with the Israelites, the Ten Commandments, saying, "Have them make a chest of acacia wood- two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide, and a cubit and a half high." The ratio of 2.5 to 1.5 is 1.666..., which is as close to phi (1.618...) as you can come with such simple numbers and is certainly not visibly different to the eye.  The Ark of the Covenant is thus constructed using the Golden Section, or Divine Proportion.  This ratio is also the same as 5 to 3, numbers from the Fibonacci series. Note:  A cubit is the measure of the forearm below the elbow.

### Noah's Ark uses a Golden Rectangle

 In Genesis 6:15, God commands Noah to build an ark saying, "And this is the fashion which thou shalt make it of: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits, the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits." Thus the end of the ark, at 50 by 30 cubits, is also in the ratio of 5 to 3, or 1.666..., again a close approximation of phi not visibly different to the naked eye.  Noah's ark was built in the same proportion as ten arks of the covenant placed side by side.

### The Number 666 is related to Phi

 Revelations 13:18, speaking of the Anti-Christ, says the following: "This calls for wisdom. If anyone has insight, let him calculate the number of the beast, for it is a man's number. His number is 666." This beast, the Anti-Christ, is thus related to the number 666, one of the greatest mysteries of the Bible. Curiously enough, if you take the sine of 666º, you get -0.80901699, which is one-half of negative phi, or perhaps what one might call the "anti-phi."  The trigonometric relationship of sin 666º to phi is based on an isosceles triangle with a base of phi and sides of 1.  When this triangle is enclosed in a circle with a radius of 1, we see that the lower line, which has an angle of 306º on the first rotation and 666º on the second rotation, has a sine equal to one-half negative phi. In this we see the unity of phi divided into positive and negative, analogous perhaps to light and darkness or good and evil.  Could this "sine" be a "sign" as well? Phi appears throughout creation, and in every physical proportion of the human body.  In that sense it is the number of all mankind, but Revelations seems to tell us that 666 is the number of one man, a mystery indeed.

Insights on the Ark of the Covenant and 666 contributed by Bartau.

Phi - The Golden Number
A source to some of Net's "phi-nest" information on the
Golden Section / Mean / Proportion / Ratio / Number,
Divine Proportion, Fibonacci Series and Phi (1.6180339887...)