# Anything Can Happen?

 Take the Pop Quiz on Evolution and the Origin of Life Go beyond theory to experience: Explore the universal constant of design at GoldenNumber  Recommended books

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# Given enough time, can anything happen?

### In some things, an outcome must occur:

#### Picture this:

You're on a warm, sunny beach with soft, golden sand.
(Sounds good so far!)

You're given a wheel barrow full of the sand.
(This is starting to sound like work!)

In it is buried one grain of red sand.
(At 50 grains of sand per inch, you now have over a billion grains in a two foot cube.)

You can dump, refill and dump the wheel barrow for the rest of eternity (or longer if you like).

Question: Will the one grain of red sand ever end up on the top of the pile?

Answer:  Probability says YES, because one grain MUST end up on top, so it's reasonable to assume that given enough time, the red grain will be the one.

### In other things, no outcome is required:

Let's make this a little more challenging:

Question:  Do you think that, given enough time, the sand you dump out would ever form a sand castle on its own?   What is your reasoning?

Better yet:  Integrated circuits are child's play compared to DNA, but can you even imagine sand combining to create silicon chips through random processes?
Question:  How likely is it that a bunch of chemicals came together to form life on their own?
 EXPLORE The other view: Abiogenesis

Answer:  Okay, so that was a pretty hard question.  Renowned astrophysicist and agnostic Fred Hoyle estimates the odds of life happening on its own to be ONE CHANCE IN 1040,000.

(That's 10 followed by another 40,000 zeroes.)

The number of atoms in the universe is estimated to be only 1080.

##### The difference here is that in the first example, one grain of sand MUST end up on top.  Life, on the other hand, need not result when chemicals come together.

EXPLORE:

Take a closer look at the odds, "Dirty Harry" style.

### Distinguishing the Natural from the Supernatural:

Throughout the universe, you see endless examples of natural processes leading to more randomness and lower states of energy.

Have you ever observed anything in nature that would lead you to believe that random processes produce structures showing design and purpose (like DNA, or like you!) from non-living matter? If not, how did non-living matter get organized into living matter to begin with?

### But isn't evolution a fact?

 Click Here for Topics Signs of Intelligence Design in the Human Body Technology in Nature UNnatural Selection Other Side of Common Beliefs Seeking The Truth (Conclusion) "Life" In A Test Tube? Was Miller-Urey Reality? Life from Comets? "Life" on Mars? The Scientific Method Organs of Extreme Perfection Irreducible Complexity Given Enough Time ... Do You Feel Lucky? Evolution Or Selection? (Abio) Genesis 1:1 Real Examples of Evolution Who Made Grandma Hairy? The Evolution of Evolution The Rules of Design Letters received

In this section
Chance or Design? •  The Scientific Method Life in a Test Tube?The EyeIrreducible Complexity Anything Can Happen?Evolution or Selection?Real Examples of Evolution"Do You Feel Lucky?"(Abio)Genesis 1:1Life from Comets?Life on Mars?Richard DawkinsA Brief History of Slime...

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